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Fur Times | June 4, 2020

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Common Feline Diseases

Common Feline Diseases

Cats are wonderful companions, and those who have had the privilege of owning one, know that there are certain diseases that tend to occur in older felines. Knowing about them and their symptoms can help provide a better quality of life for your pet.


The older a cat gets, the more susceptible it becomes to certain diseases associated with aging. It is very important that you take your older cat to the vet more often for regular checkups. It is every owner’s responsibility to ensure their pets have a long, healthy and happy life.

Below is a list of the most common diseases that can occur in adult cats along with the symptoms:


  • Abnormal swellings that persist or continue to grow
  • Wounds that do not heal
  • Weight loss
  • Decreased appetite
  • Bleeding or discharge from any wound
  • Strong odor
  • Difficulty eating or swallowing
  • Resistance to exercise or loss of stamina
  • Difficulty breathing, urinating or defecating

Dental Diseases

  •  Bad breath
  •  Difficulty eating or swallowing
  •  Drooling
  •  Unable to hold food in mouth
  •  Weight loss


  • Increased energy level
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty or increase in the rate of respiration
  • Increased heart rate

Kidney Disease and Digestive Failure

  • Increased urination and thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Depression and lethargy
  • Diarrhea
  • Blood in vomit or black stools (like tar)
  • Difficulty breathing and oral ulcers
  • Inflammatory bowel disease with diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Mucus or blood in the stool
  • Increased frequency of defecation
  • Defecation outside litter box


  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Weakness and lack of activity
  • Changes in appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Walk on their hocks

Overweight and Obesity

  • Exercise intolerance
  • Hair loss or carelessness in grooming, especially in the anal area

Feline Hepatic Lipidosis

  • Presence of obesity with sudden loss of appetite
  • Subsequent weight loss
  • Depression
  • Vomiting
  • Yellowing of the eyes
  • Changes in behavior


  • Exercise intolerance
  • Pale eyes

Heart Disease

  • Exercise intolerance
  • Difficulty and increased respiratory rate
  • Weight loss
  • Paralysis of the legs

Liver Disease

  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Pale or yellowish crusts
  • Changes in behavior
  • Weight loss

Urinary Stones

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty in joints to jump and climb stairs
  • Changes in behavior, irritability or seclusion
  • Urine or defecation outside litter box

If you observe any of these symptoms in the interval between regular checkups, be sure to take your cat to the veterinarian.

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