Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image

Fur Times | March 29, 2020

Scroll to top

Top

No Comments

Leptospirosis: Should You Vaccinate Your Dog?

Leptospirosis: Should You Vaccinate Your Dog?
Julie Horton, DVM

Many pet owners have recently called me to ask about the leptospirosis vaccine, wondering whether they should vaccinate their dogs against the disease. This is valid question, and it’s often debated amongst owners and veterinarians. The media often reports “outbreaks” of leptospirosis, but they leave out very important facts and statistics.

My goal is to provide you with a better understanding of the disease to help you make the decision whether or not to vaccinate your pet.

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacteria called Leptospira interrogans, occurring worldwide in both domestic and wild animals. It can also be transmitted to humans. It is important, especially in regards to the vaccine, to note that there are over 200 named serovars (types) of leptospirosis.

How Is It Contracted?

It is generally spread through the infected urine of contaminated animals where it settles in water and soil. The virus can last in the environment for months. Generally, your pet becomes infected by drinking, swimming, or walking through infected water. Raccoons, skunks, squirrels, opossums, deer, rats and mice are all carriers. Cases of leptospirosis in cats are extremely rare.

Signs that Your Pet May be Infected

The most frustrating thing about leptospirosis is that signs may be vague and vary dramatically from pet to pet. Time between exposure to the bacteria and symptoms is typically five to 14 days, although it may take less or longer than 30 days for it to appear. In the early stages, dogs exhibit fever and lethargy. Symptoms may quickly progress to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased appetite, weakness, depression, joint stiffness, and muscle and abdominal pain. Your pet may exhibit none, one, or all of these symptoms. Later stages of the disease may cause increased thirst and urination (a sign of kidney disease) and even jaundice (a sign of liver disease).

How Do We Test for Leptospirosis?

To find out if your pet may be infected, we will take a blood sample to analyze antibody levels. Most labs require several days for test results to come back, so if there is a suspicion of leptospirosis, I usually recommend starting antibiotics right away.

Treating Leptospirosis

Treatment for leptospirosis should include the administration of the antibiotic doxycycline. Current recommendations by the ACVIM (American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine) recommend at least 2 weeks of medication. If your pet cannot receive oral medication due to vomiting or nausea, he should be started on an intravenous form of penicillin. Because this bacteria has a high prevalence for causing kidney failure, your pet may require intravenous fluids for several days. Prognosis is reported to be very good for those cases treated early.

What to do If Your Pet is Leptospirosis Positive

Because leptospirosis has potential transmission to humans, strict precautions should be taken when handling these animals. It can be transmitted via the urine, blood, or tissues. One should wear a gown and gloves and dispose of any waste appropriately. Your dog should not be allowed around other dogs until he is cleared of the infection.

Should You Vaccinate Your Pet?

It is most important to remember the vaccine does not provide 100% protection. Most leptospirosis vaccines administered as a single agent include four different serovars (types) of leptospirosis: grippotyphosa, pomona, icterohaemorragiae and canicola. Those vaccines that include a combination of the distemper/ parvovirus and leptospirosis usually only contain 2 types of leptospirosis. But here’s the catch: There are currently more than 200 types of leptospirosis named and probably many more unnamed. Many of the most recent outbreaks consist of serovars for which there is no vaccine.

So, which dogs should be vaccinated? Usually those that are in the “at- risk” population should receive the vaccine. The tricky part is defining who is the “at-risk” population. Typically, that may include any of the following:

  • Dogs living in an urban environment with a high population of rodents
  • Hunting dogs
  • Dogs off leash who frequently come into contact with stagnant pools of water or swim
  • Dogs who live in an area where multiple cases of leptospirosis have been reported and documented to be of the type which the vaccine covers

Why not vaccinate all dogs?

First vaccines are not benign treatments. They have been known to cause adverse reactions including hives, facial swelling, vomiting and in more severe cases anaphylaxis. Less reported (but still documented) is a correlation between vaccines and immune mediated hemolytic anemia. In general, small breed young pets (ages 1 to 3) have a higher risk of a vaccine reaction.

I believe it is important to evaluate each potential candidate for the vaccine on an individual basis. Circumstances, lifestyle, exposure risk, and vaccine reaction should all be taken into account. We are here to guide you through the decision process on whether your pet should be vaccinated and make appropriate recommendations. As always please feel free to contact us at the Worth Street Veterinary Center with any questions and we will be more than happy to clarify any concerns you have regarding this vaccine or any other pet related issue.

Comments

  1. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks! I value it!

    men on viagra viagra cialis levitra compared
    viagra for women
    free health viagra penis newsletters – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  2. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

  3. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Many thanks. Quite a lot of stuff!

    male enhancment viagra twenty-seven tons viagra
    viagra without a doctor prescription
    canada medication viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  4. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    With thanks, Fantastic information.

    free viagra consultation aphrodisiac new women viagra
    viagra for sale uk
    medicare coverage of viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  5. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Point very well utilized!!

    generic viagra manufacturer buy generic viagra cheap
    viagra 100mg
    female viagra for men – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  6. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Truly a lot of wonderful facts!

    where can i get viagra pills viagra find free computer sites pages
    viagra for sale uk
    sex during viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  7. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Awesome write ups. Cheers.

    viagra videa results but viagra
    buy viagra
    viagra generic india – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  8. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Beneficial write ups. Cheers!

    rx-health viagra baku az rx-health quick forum readtopic viagra answer content
    generic viagra 100mg
    discounts for viagra cialis – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  9. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing write ups. Regards.

    viagra purchase non prescription viagra
    generic viagra online
    buy cheap viagra online – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  10. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually suggested this exceptionally well.

    venous leakage cured by viagra good side effects of viagra
    buy generic viagra
    recomended sites for generic viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  11. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Terrific facts, Many thanks!

    online check payment viagra viagra online issues
    generic viagra 100mg
    result of viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  12. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Regards!

    viagra sacramento viagra online mastercard accepted
    viagra for women
    harm of expired viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  13. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Great information. Thank you!

    how much time viagra viagra safe
    buy generic viagra
    edinburgh 18 pages viagra good search – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  14. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Reliable knowledge. Many thanks.

    buy viagra fedex next day delivery generic viagra
    viagra pills
    liquid viagra mam – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  15. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wow tons of very good information.

    natural viagra drug mexican pharmacy viagra
    viagra 100mg
    does generic viagra from india work – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  16. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You made your position pretty nicely..

    uprima cialis viagra purchase and viagra soft
    viagra online
    viagra and drinking – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  17. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing many of amazing knowledge.

    viagra physor fibromyalgia sexual stimulation viagra cialis levitra
    cheap viagra
    drug herb interaction vimax viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  18. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards! An abundance of write ups!

    brand name viagra by mail natural alternative to viagra or celais
    buy generic viagra
    cheap 100mg viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  19. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    This is nicely said. .

    cheap online pharmacy viagra viagra generic viagra scam vls pharmacy
    buy viagra
    viagra heartburn – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  20. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Good write ups. Cheers.

    can you mix viagra and phentermine viagra ship to canada paypal
    generic viagra online
    viagra suppositories ivf – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  21. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wonderful write ups. With thanks.

    viagra sales uk be seeing you viagra url
    viagra for sale uk
    free samples of viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  22. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards, Helpful stuff!

    herbal viagra defined viagra effects testimonials
    generic viagra 100mg
    cheapest viagra prices without a prescription – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  23. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Thanks a lot!

    viagra 100 mg chinese viagra cialas
    viagra pills
    grapefruit juice and viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  24. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Good knowledge. With thanks.

    internet viagra reviews statins or niaspan and viagra
    viagra 100mg
    viagra fir women – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  25. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Info nicely regarded.!

    viagra express viagra uk online a href
    viagra generic
    100 mg generic viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  26. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Kudos! Helpful stuff!

    drug viagra information does viagra make your penis larger
    buy generic viagra
    viagra used for cardiac issues – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  27. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Whoa lots of awesome facts.

    keyword viagra aching legs viagra
    viagra 100mg
    viagra cut in thirds – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  28. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Terrific posts. Thanks a lot!

    solubility of viagra honest place to buy viagra
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    cheap kamagra uk viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  29. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Thanks!

    compare viagra cialas levitra levitra viagra sending emails account
    buy generic viagra
    price comparison viagra cialis – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  30. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wonderful content. Appreciate it.

    how to buy viagra in ireland viagra 1
    viagra for women
    natural viagra substitutes – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  31. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually mentioned that well.

    high dosage viagra for woman generic viagra differences
    buy viagra
    jalepeno and viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  32. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Effectively expressed indeed! .

    buy drug generic generic online viagra viagra what dose
    generic viagra online
    viagra cialis levitra online candian rx – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  33. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Useful content. Thank you.

    herbal viagra alternative viagra for inmates
    generic viagra 100mg
    when viagra does work – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  34. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Useful knowledge. Kudos!

    viagra by prescription viagra purchase online best deal
    generic viagra online
    search viagra pages computer find – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  35. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    With thanks. An abundance of information.

    viagra search find edinburgh sites pages viagra online insurance
    viagra for women
    viagra in india by mail order – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  36. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You said that well.

    viagra ad on shawn hanedy cheap viagra order online
    viagra online
    generic viagra with international shipping – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  37. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

  38. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Nicely put. Thanks a lot.

    viagra perscriptions on line take cialis and viagra together
    buy viagra online
    what is the generic for viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  39. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Very good info. With thanks!

    discount pill sale viagra what if viagra does not work
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    best alternatives to viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  40. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing lots of useful tips!

    sponsored by viagra what to use instead of viagra
    generic viagra 100mg
    apa itu viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  41. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Wow tons of wonderful material.

    to buy viagra genuine viagra
    buy generic viagra
    viagra herpal – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  42. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Kudos, A lot of info.

    age recommend for taking viagra viagra erection procedure
    viagra for women
    viagra doctor bite hard – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  43. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Many thanks! I appreciate it!

    viagra products australia viagra boring edinburgh pages girl
    buy viagra online
    other options to viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  44. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Really loads of beneficial advice!

    okean viagra mp3 alpha blockers viagra
    generic viagra
    prescription female viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  45. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Regards, A good amount of tips.

    find viagra free sites online what works bettter levitra or viagra
    viagra without a doctors prescription
    chastity had not cum viagra – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  46. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Thanks, Very good stuff.

    buy internet viagra comparison of levitra and viagra
    viagra 100mg
    mexican viagra drink – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  47. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Kudos, Ample information.

    viagra pil pornhub viagra
    viagra for sale uk
    can you take viagra with achohol – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  48. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Info certainly utilized.!

    cheap viagra credit is viagra professional real
    generic viagra 100mg
    viagra and alcohol – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  49. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Seriously a good deal of excellent info.

    good viagra sites viagra hearing loss studies
    generic viagra 100mg
    do woman use viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  50. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing forum posts, With thanks.

    compounding physician viagra can companies make generic viagra
    viagra online
    viagra chemical – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  51. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Whoa quite a lot of fantastic knowledge!

    online pharmacies viagra comparison viagra and cialis
    viagra pills
    viagra pulmonary hypertension and dogs – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  52. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Tips very well considered!.

    viagra atheletes photos of viagra users
    generic viagra 100mg
    the effect of viagra on women – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  53. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Perfectly expressed without a doubt! .

    viagra edinburgh search site find porn stars and viagra
    buy viagra online
    ten minute viagra – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  54. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

  55. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Lovely info. Many thanks!

    viagra free sample viagra vision side effects
    viagra generic
    viagra discount drug – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  56. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Cheers! Plenty of material.

    effects of viagra on youth viagra popitka
    buy viagra online
    bob dole viagra ad – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  57. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Amazing tons of beneficial knowledge!

    medicare pays for viagra viagra fed ex
    buy viagra online
    viagra falls docs that rock – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  58. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Seriously lots of superb knowledge!

    viagra and ssri what if viagra stops working
    viagra without a doctor prescription
    viagra eqivalent herbal tablets – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  59. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually suggested it terrifically!

    compatability viagra how to get viagra illegaly
    viagra without a doctor prescription
    like viagra ebay – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  60. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You expressed this superbly!

    viagra switzerland online funny viagra pics
    viagra generic
    is viagra dangerous for diabetics – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  61. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You have made the point.

    viagra in chewing gum buy cheapest viagra online
    buy generic viagra
    sale viagra – https://genericviagrantx.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  62. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

  63. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Great content. Many thanks.

    viagra expiration viagra boosts post cuddle chemical
    viagra without a doctor prescription
    viagra prescription order – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  64. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    You actually reported this really well!

    viagra website zenegra cheapest viagra substitute sildenafil
    viagra 100mg
    generic forms of viagra are safe – https://genericviagramsl.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

  65. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Fantastic stuff. Thanks!

    buy viagra pill viagra in action
    buy generic viagra
    lowest viagra price – https://genericviagrarcp.com

    Davidboido
    Terencearomi
    Victorhag

Submit a Comment