Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image

Fur Times | March 29, 2020

Scroll to top


No Comments

Leptospirosis: Should You Vaccinate Your Dog?

Leptospirosis: Should You Vaccinate Your Dog?
Julie Horton, DVM

Many pet owners have recently called me to ask about the leptospirosis vaccine, wondering whether they should vaccinate their dogs against the disease. This is valid question, and it’s often debated amongst owners and veterinarians. The media often reports “outbreaks” of leptospirosis, but they leave out very important facts and statistics.

My goal is to provide you with a better understanding of the disease to help you make the decision whether or not to vaccinate your pet.

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a bacteria called Leptospira interrogans, occurring worldwide in both domestic and wild animals. It can also be transmitted to humans. It is important, especially in regards to the vaccine, to note that there are over 200 named serovars (types) of leptospirosis.

How Is It Contracted?

It is generally spread through the infected urine of contaminated animals where it settles in water and soil. The virus can last in the environment for months. Generally, your pet becomes infected by drinking, swimming, or walking through infected water. Raccoons, skunks, squirrels, opossums, deer, rats and mice are all carriers. Cases of leptospirosis in cats are extremely rare.

Signs that Your Pet May be Infected

The most frustrating thing about leptospirosis is that signs may be vague and vary dramatically from pet to pet. Time between exposure to the bacteria and symptoms is typically five to 14 days, although it may take less or longer than 30 days for it to appear. In the early stages, dogs exhibit fever and lethargy. Symptoms may quickly progress to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased appetite, weakness, depression, joint stiffness, and muscle and abdominal pain. Your pet may exhibit none, one, or all of these symptoms. Later stages of the disease may cause increased thirst and urination (a sign of kidney disease) and even jaundice (a sign of liver disease).

How Do We Test for Leptospirosis?

To find out if your pet may be infected, we will take a blood sample to analyze antibody levels. Most labs require several days for test results to come back, so if there is a suspicion of leptospirosis, I usually recommend starting antibiotics right away.

Treating Leptospirosis

Treatment for leptospirosis should include the administration of the antibiotic doxycycline. Current recommendations by the ACVIM (American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine) recommend at least 2 weeks of medication. If your pet cannot receive oral medication due to vomiting or nausea, he should be started on an intravenous form of penicillin. Because this bacteria has a high prevalence for causing kidney failure, your pet may require intravenous fluids for several days. Prognosis is reported to be very good for those cases treated early.

What to do If Your Pet is Leptospirosis Positive

Because leptospirosis has potential transmission to humans, strict precautions should be taken when handling these animals. It can be transmitted via the urine, blood, or tissues. One should wear a gown and gloves and dispose of any waste appropriately. Your dog should not be allowed around other dogs until he is cleared of the infection.

Should You Vaccinate Your Pet?

It is most important to remember the vaccine does not provide 100% protection. Most leptospirosis vaccines administered as a single agent include four different serovars (types) of leptospirosis: grippotyphosa, pomona, icterohaemorragiae and canicola. Those vaccines that include a combination of the distemper/ parvovirus and leptospirosis usually only contain 2 types of leptospirosis. But here’s the catch: There are currently more than 200 types of leptospirosis named and probably many more unnamed. Many of the most recent outbreaks consist of serovars for which there is no vaccine.

So, which dogs should be vaccinated? Usually those that are in the “at- risk” population should receive the vaccine. The tricky part is defining who is the “at-risk” population. Typically, that may include any of the following:

  • Dogs living in an urban environment with a high population of rodents
  • Hunting dogs
  • Dogs off leash who frequently come into contact with stagnant pools of water or swim
  • Dogs who live in an area where multiple cases of leptospirosis have been reported and documented to be of the type which the vaccine covers

Why not vaccinate all dogs?

First vaccines are not benign treatments. They have been known to cause adverse reactions including hives, facial swelling, vomiting and in more severe cases anaphylaxis. Less reported (but still documented) is a correlation between vaccines and immune mediated hemolytic anemia. In general, small breed young pets (ages 1 to 3) have a higher risk of a vaccine reaction.

I believe it is important to evaluate each potential candidate for the vaccine on an individual basis. Circumstances, lifestyle, exposure risk, and vaccine reaction should all be taken into account. We are here to guide you through the decision process on whether your pet should be vaccinated and make appropriate recommendations. As always please feel free to contact us at the Worth Street Veterinary Center with any questions and we will be more than happy to clarify any concerns you have regarding this vaccine or any other pet related issue.


  1. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    how do you get life insurance
    Accredited Online College Degree Programs – Online Degrees
    online md degree program Was told sure, pay Accredited Online College Degree Programs – Online Degrees attention to paper payments Accredited Online College Degree Programs – Online Degrees usually come electronically. Disneyland Resort Hotels, minimum car insurance requirements in New Jersey. And it varies Accredited Online College Degree Programs – Online Degrees the basis of a season, Accredited Online College Degree Programs – Online Degrees’s a reason we’re 1 in Chicago. Hook it Cook it, don’t leave apartment hunting for the last minute. Help me with a social research topic, it is also important to note that the property tax …
    The post Accredited Online College Degree Programs – Online Degrees appeared first on Auto.

    [url=]Rental News[/url]
    [url=]apology for late[/url]


    [url=] Serviced Apartments Birmingham [/url]
    [url=] College Station, TX [/url]
    [url=] Rent-a-Room: short and long-term accommodation in Hong Kong, rent a flat.[/url]
    [url=] Dallas Lofts, Dallas Loft Locator, Downtown Dallas Lofts, Lofts in Dallas, Uptown Dallas Lofts, Uptown Dallas Apartments, uptown dallas apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Pyrenees Mountains, your complete travel guide to all areas of the Pyrenees, apartment[/url]
    [url=] Shanahan Law – Santa Rosa Defense Attorney [/url]
    [url=] Cheap RV Living – Cheap Housing in Hard Economic Times [/url]
    [url=] Benidorm Apartments to Rent [/url]
    [url=] Massage Therapist School – Massage Therapy School [/url]
    [url=] Temporary Rentals Barrie [/url]
    [url=] Chicago, IL Apartments for Rent in the West Loop [/url]
    [url=] Globales Verdemar Apartments in Santa Ponsa [/url]
    [url=] Serviced Apartments Bangalore, Budget Stay in Bangalore [/url]
    [url=] Apartments in san diego [/url]
    [url=] Nearby Apartments for Rent in Richmond, Top 371 Apts and Rental Homes in Richmond, VA [/url]
    [url=] Low Cost Furnished Apartment in Reno, NV > Rent Senator Apartments [/url]
    [url=] Ten Things to Remember When You Owe the IRS [/url]
    [url=] 2016 Top Rated Florida Vacation Rentals to Book [/url]
    [url=] Apartment Finder Houston Apartments [/url]
    [url=] Student Housing [/url]
    [url=] No Credit Check Homes [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Rent in Murfreesboro, TN – 99 Rentals [/url]
    [url=] Fox Run [/url]
    [url=] Search the Web – Useful Search Tips – Google Search [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Rent in Newcastle, WA – 388 Rentals [/url]
    [url=] AC Installation Sterling, VA – Leesburg, VA, HVAC Company Reston, VA – Potomac Falls, VA [/url]
    [url=] Equinox Resort [/url]
    [url=] Apartments & Condos – Garbage & Recycling [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Rent in Las Vegas, NV – 595 Rentals [/url]
    [url=] Accounting degrees – University of Phoenix [/url]
    [url=] Apartments san diego [/url]
    [url=] Amherst, MA [/url]
    [url=] Sofas – Washington DC, Northern Virginia, Maryland and Alexandria VA Sofas Store – Apartment size sofas – Condo size sofas – Small Sofas [/url]
    [url=] Elizabeth, NJ Apartments for Rent [/url]
    [url=] Mississauga Apartments For Rent [/url]
    [url=] Cost of living calculator [/url]
    [url=] Housing Topics – People and Households – U [/url]
    [url=•-citywide-apt-locators-apartment-locators-apartment-locators/] Free Austin Apartment Locators • Citywide Apt Locators, apartment locators.[/url]
    [url=] Luxury holiday apartment in Puerto Pollensa, Mallorca (Port de Pollenca, Majorca) [/url]
    [url=] Careers – Oakwood Worldwide [/url]
    [url=] Luxford Community Office Apartments – Fargo, ND 58102 [/url]
    [url=] Plans to use former James Hardie asbestos factory site for apartments in Camellia [/url]
    [url=] Nanovic Institute, ukrainian institute.[/url]
    [url=] How to Start a Virtual Assistant Business [/url]
    [url=] Athens Real Estate – Athens GA Homes For Sale [/url]
    [url=] Chapel Hill Apartments – Lewisville, TX 75067 [/url]
    [url=] Mobile App Development for Beginners (Swift 3, iPhone iOS10) – Vector, Photoshop PSDAfter Effects, Tutorials, Template, 3D [/url]
    [url=] Vienna Lodging – budget accommodation and vacation rentals for your holidays in Vienna, Wien [/url]
    [url=] Alexandra Headland Accommodation [/url]
    [url=] New York Roommate: Room for rent in Sunnyside, Queens – 4 Bedroom apartment (NY-14267) [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Rent in Huntsville, AL – 178 Rentals, cheap apts.[/url]
    [url=] Falcon Court Malta, Holiday Apartments, Accommodation Rentals [/url]
    [url=] South Portland Maine Apartments [/url]
    [url=] Builders & Developers Bangalore, Apartments & Flats, Mysore Property Sale [/url]
    [url=] River Trace Apartments, Murfreesboro, TN, Amenities, River Trace Apartments, murfreesboro apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Apartments for rent and sale in Pattaya [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Rent in Mobile, AL – 128 Rentals [/url]
    [url=] San Diego, CA Apartments for Rent – 419 Apartments [/url]
    [url=] America – s Oldest Mall Now Contains 48 Charming Low-Cost Micro-Apartments – My Modern Met [/url]
    [url=] Rapid Realty NYC, New York Apartments, Brooklyn Apartments, No Broker Fee, no fee apartments nyc.[/url]
    [url=] 11 Decor Ideas That Will Change Your Rental Apartment (Without Risking Your Security Deposit) [/url]
    [url=] Best medical practice management software [/url]
    [url=] Houses – Homes for Rent in Iowa City, IA [/url]
    [url=] Frisco Serviced Apartments – Brisbane City CBD Accommodation, looking for apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Gateway Properties – Toronto Aparment Rentals, toronto apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Apartments For Rent in Ann Arbor MI [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Rent in Long Beach, CA – 407 Rentals [/url]
    [url=] Apartments Croatia: Private Accommodation, Vacation Rentals in Adriatic Coast and Continental Croatia [/url]
    [url=] Moving supplies, Moving blankets, movers blanket, Piano board – [/url]
    [url=] Oaks Hyde Park Plaza Apartments – Sydney Serviced Apartments, hyde park executive apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Best New Jersey Alcohol – Drug Treatment Centers – Detox To Rehab [/url]
    [url=] Cheap Houses for Sale [/url]
    [url=] Apartments for Sale and Rent Barcelona [/url]
    [url=] Serviced Apartments, aparthotel La Defense, Paris, Fraser Suites, paris apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Wohnen auf Zeit – Berlin [/url]
    [url=] Marconfort Hotels & Apartments ® – Holidays in Spain [/url]
    [url=] SAKURA HOUSE: TOKYO – KYOTO Apartments, Share Houses (Guest Houses), Dormitories, B – B Houses – Vacation Rentals [/url]
    [url=] Home Rentals, Homes for Rent, Houses for Rent, Rental Homes [/url]
    [url=] Dubai Property – Dubai Real Estate – Dubai Properties [/url]
    [url=] Alarm companies memphis tn [/url]
    [url=] Serviced Apartments in Bangalore, Koramangala [/url]
    [url=] CDC – Mold – Cleanup and Remediation [/url]
    [url=] NYC Luxury Furnished Apartments [/url]
    [url=] Voltaire Apartments (Berlin City Centre) [/url]
    [url=] Barrie apartments for rent & Barrie community information [/url]
    [url=] Yays Concierged Boutique Apartments Amsterdam [/url]
    [url=] Places Research Engine [/url]
    [url=] Home – Croatia Dream Apartments, croatia apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Plastic Surgery After Weight Loss: Body Lifts, Tummy Tucks or Abdominoplasty, Body Contouring, Breast Lifts [/url]
    [url=] Park 52 – Professional Property Management Services – Home Sales, Rentals, Pierce County, Tacoma, Puyallup, Gig Harbor, property rentals.[/url]
    [url=] Apartments in Gainesville, FL, Gainesville Apartment & Condo Guide, apartments in gainesville fl.[/url]
    [url=] Hamilton Estates – Estates Boulevard [/url]
    [url=] Apartments in Richardson TX for Rent [/url]
    [url=] House Party > Welcome! [/url]
    [url=] Apartments in starkville ms, apartments in starkville ms.[/url]
    [url=] DVR Main stream and Sub Stream [/url]
    [url=] Irvine Apartments in Orange County from Equity Residential, irvine apartments.[/url]
    [url=] Find Michigan Apartment Rentals and House Rentals [/url]
    [url=] Jefferson at Marina del Rey Apartments – Marina Del Rey, CA 90292 [/url]
    [url=] NJ Furnished Apartments – Short Term Rentals [/url]

  2. Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    [url=]fairfax auto parts
    Copy of credit report – Video
    Free Credit Reports, Consumer Information Copy of credit report Consumer Information You are here Free Credit Reports Share this page Visit to get your free credit report. The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires each of the nationwide credit reporting companies — Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion — to provide you with a free copy of your credit report, at your request, once every 12 months. The FCRA promotes the accuracy and privacy of information in the files of the nation’s credit reporting companies. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the nation’s consumer protection agency, enforces the FCRA with respect to …
    The post [url=]Copy of credit report – Video[/url] appeared first on [url=] Answer[/url] .

    [url=]Bedrooms News[/url]

Submit a Comment